Some definitions before we start:

When talking about bytes and FLOPS, the numbers can get very large. To make these large numbers simpler to understand, these prefixes are used in place of many zeros to represent the scale of these values:

Prefix Number Bytes Unit FLOPS Unit
Kilo 1,000 KB kFLOPS
Mega 1,000,000 MB MFLOPS
Giga 1,000,000,000 GB GFLOPS
Tera 1,000,000,000,000 TB TFLOPS
Peta 1,000,000,000,000,000 PB PFLOPS
Exa 1,000,000,000,000,000,000 EB EFLOPS